Often asked: What Dog Breed Can’T Have Propofol?

Can dogs have propofol?

Propofol injection is contraindicated in dogs with a known hypersensitivity to propofol or its components, or when general anesthesia or sedation are contraindicated. HUMAN USER SAFETY: Not for human use.

What dog breeds are sensitive to anesthesia?

The greyhound is the only breed with a documented breed-specific sensitivity to particular anesthetic drugs. Greyhounds have prolonged recoveries following anesthesia with thiopental due to a deficiency in the hepatic enzyme responsible for the first step in the metabolism of that drug.

Can greyhounds have propofol?

Based on these adverse effects, their use in greyhounds is strongly discouraged. Propofol is one of the commonest induction agents used in greyhounds and is eliminated 10-20 times faster than thiopentone. However, greyhounds do respond to propofol differently to other breeds.

Do herding dogs have issues with anesthesia?

#4 Herding Breeds This includes anesthetic drugs like acepromazine and many opioids. Pronounced sedation and respiratory depression are consequently considered common side effects of these meds in these breeds.

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How fast do you push propofol?

A slow rate of approximately 20 mg every 10 seconds until induction onset (0.5 mg/kg to 1.5 mg/kg) should be used.

Is propofol a sedative?

Propofol is an intravenous (IV) sedative-hypnotic agent that can be used for initiation and maintenance of Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC) sedation, combined sedation and regional anesthesia, induction of general anesthesia, maintenance of general anesthesia, and intensive care unit (ICU) sedation of intubated,

What are the chances of a dog dying from anesthesia?

Risk of anesthetic death in dogs and cats is 0.17 percent and 0.24 percent, respectively. When categorized by health status, risk of anesthetic death in healthy dogs and cats drops to 0.05 percent and 0.11 percent. These percentages are higher than those reported for people.

Can MDR1 dogs go under anesthesia?

These dogs can still receive typical anesthetic drugs safely; however, veterinarians may choose to use lower doses in dogs who are suspected or known to possess an MDR1 mutation.

Why are sighthounds sensitive to anesthesia?

Sighthounds have a low body fat to muscle ratio. This makes them more susceptible to hypothermia when their own temperature regulatory mechanisms are impaired- such as under general anesthesia.

What drug should not be used in greyhounds?

Veterinarians have known for years that some greyhounds struggle to break down these drugs, which include several thiobarbiturates—such as thiopental and thiamylal—as well as propofol, resulting in potentially life-threatening and prolonged recovery periods following anesthesia.

What anesthesia is safe for greyhounds?

The gas anesthetics Isoflurane or Sevoflurane are both safe choices for maintaining anesthesia in greyhounds. These should always be administered via an endotracheal tube. Greyhounds are prone to hypothermia while under anesthesia.

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Why Diazepam is not used in greyhounds?

It works by promoting gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the dog’s brain, which blocks neurotransmitters that cause excitement. Diazepam use can lead to side effects in dogs, especially after long-term exposure, and abruptly stopping use of the drug can cause withdrawal symptoms.

What’s the difference between sedation and general anesthesia in dogs?

Sedation, together with analgesia, amnesia and muscle paralysis, is the end result of general anesthesia, which is an induced, reversible and controlled loss of consciousness. Sedation, on its own, is the depression of awareness, whereby a patient response to external stimuli becomes limited.

What to do if an animal stops breathing under anesthesia?

If the animal has a respiratory rate less than 8 bpm or appears to have stopped breathing-TURN THE VAPORIZER OFF and GET HELP. Under the direction of an Anesthesia Supervisor, an animal who is not breathing should be given one breath every 4-5 seconds.

What percentage of dogs don’t wake up from anesthesia?

According to a study posted by the the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), the average death rate under anesthesia is around 0.2%. Said otherwise, an average of 99.8% of pets, regardless of their age or health status, survive anesthesia.